Estonia is a northern Baltic land of forests, rivers, and sea islands, with one of the smallest populations of any country in the world. Most Estonians have opted for city life, leaving the countryside rather wild and filled with rare birds, plants and roaming deer, elk, wild boar, bears and wolves. The low, largely flat landscape is also dotted with relics of Estonia's medieval glory, when the Teutonic knights reigned supreme and built castles which are now left as decaying hulks, testifying to the wealth of the traders who made use of the country's ports. The country is sandwiched between east and west Europe, also easily accessible from the south, offering fresh and unspoilt opportunities for those who enjoy the Nordic experience. The country lies along the Baltic Sea, just below Finland, with Russia to the east and Latvia to the south.
Estonia’s main port of Tallinn is truly one of the gems of Northern Europe. While the old town has been astonishingly well preserved and was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1997, it is now in better shape than ever. The Estonian maritime city of Tallinn has influences from Germany, Russia, Scandinavia and Italy. Tallinn’s calendar is lively with festivals of music, film, art, theatre, culture and food as well as sea-faring festivals, Opera Festival and the Tallinn Marathon.