Hungary lies in the middle of Europe, and celebrated its 1100th anniversary in 1996. Its history can be traced back to the Magyars, an alliance of semi-nomadic tribes from southern Russia and the Black Sea coast that arrived in the region in the ninth century.
After centuries as a powerful medieval kingdom, Hungary was part of the Ottoman and then Habsburg empires from the 16th century onwards, emerging as an independent country again after World War I. Hungary is a parliamentary democracy and it's been member of the European Union since May 2004. Two major rivers the Danube (417 km long) and Tisza (598 km) flow through the country, the population is around 10 million however the majority of the population all live in the Capital Budapest - around 1,8 million people.
A landlocked country, with seven neighbouring countries it borders with Austria , Slovakia , Ukraine , Romania , Serbia , Croatia and Slovenia. Hungary is home to Lake Balaton, the largest in central Europe, and has a large number of spa towns and hot springs. It has especially rich traditions in folk and classical music and was the birthplace of numerous outstanding performers and composers, including Franz Liszt. With many World Heritage sites of note, a thriving wine industry together with a cuisine considered to be wholesome and hearty, cleverly blending eastern mystique with the traditions of the west.
Hungary played an important part in accelerating the collapse of communism across Eastern Europe when it opened its border with Austria in 1989, allowing thousands of East Germans to escape to the West. Just a few months later the Berlin Wall was history.
The capital city Budapest was born in 1873 with the unification of Buda, Óbuda and Pest, There are those who fall in love with the city at first sight and those who only warm to it after a longer relationship, but everyone agrees that it is one of the most beautifully situated in the world. The great river Danube cuts the city in two and separates the hills and valleys of the western, Buda side from the flat, Pest side in the east. See all this wonderful city can offer on the City Sightseeing hop on hop off bus tour.