Córdoba has historically attracted travelers and civilizations because of its location on the banks of the Guadalquivir River, for its sunny climate and its natural resources. Romans, Arabs, Jews and Christians left their mark on the city of Cordoba with monumental buildings, works of art and advanced infrastructure. As a result, the historic center of the city brings a valuable cultural legacy declared in 1994 as a World Heritage Site by Unesco. About thirty monuments are distributed around the Mosque-Cathedral and make the historic center of Cordoba one of the largest in Europe.
The period of greatest splendor of the city is attributed to the Muslim Cordoba, by the 10th century, when it was established as the capital of al-Andalus and Western cultural epicenter. The glare of Cordoba Umayyad boosted many advances in the fields of science, philosophy, medicine and art. The library of 400,000 volumes gathered by the Caliph Hakam II was just one of the multiples examples.
Visitors can marvel at the masterpieces of the Mezquita, the Alcazar de los Reyes Cristianos, the Torre de la Calahorra, the Palacio de la Merced and the Roman Temple and visit the city of Medina Azahara, built by the caliph Abd al-Rahman III in the image of his greatness. Its museums and cultural festivals are also among its attractions, with veteran Guitar Festival as the main exponent.